By Admin on

Suppose you have a gas central heating furnace (boiler) that heats hot-water radiators in various rooms in your home. It works by burning natural gas, making a line or grid of hot gas jets that fire upward over water flowing through a network of pipes. As the water pumps through the pipes, it absorbs the heat energy and heats up. This arrangement is what we mean by a heat exchanger: the gas jets cool down and the water heats up.

A heat exchanger is a device that allows heat from a fluid (a liquid or a gas) to pass to a second fluid (another liquid or gas) without the two fluids having to mix together or come into direct contact. If that's not completely clear, consider this. In theory, we could get the heat from the gas jets just by throwing cold water onto them, but then the flames would go out! The essential principle of a heat exchanger is that it transfers the heat without transferring the fluid that carries the heat.

Diagram showing how a simple shell and tube heat exchanger works.

heat exchanger is a device used to transfer heat between one or more fluids. The fluids may be separated by a solid wall to prevent mixing or they may be in direct contact.They are widely used in space heating, refrigeration, air  conditioning, power  stations, chemical plants, petrochemical  plants, petroleum refineries, natural-gas processing, and sewage  treatment. The classic example of a heat exchanger is found in an internal combustion engine in which a circulating fluid known as engine  coolant flows through radiator coils andair flows past the coils, which cools the coolant and heats the incoming air.


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