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Real Time Closed Loop Control of Human HeartRate and Blood Pressure
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Real-Time Closed-Loop Control of Human HeartRate and Blood Pressure

Category : BioMedical


Sub Category : BIOMEDICAL


Project Code : ITBIO09


Project Abstract

Abstract:

            Prolonged bed rest has significant negative impactson the human body, particularly on the cardiovascular system.To overcome adverse effects and enhance functional recovery inbedridden patients, the goal is to mobilize patients as early as possiblewhile controlling and stabilizing their cardiovascular system.In this paper, we used a robotic tilt table that allows early mobilizationby modulating body inclination and automated leg movementto control the cardiovascular variables heart rate (HR) or systolicor diastolic blood pressures (sBP, dBP). The design and use of acontrol system is often done with a simulation model of a plant, butthe time-variant and nonlinear nature of the cardiovascular systemand subject-specific responses to external stimuli makes the modelingand identification challenging. Instead, we implemented an intelligentself-learning fuzzy controller that does not need any priorknowledge about the plant. The controller modulates the body inclinationin order to adjust the cardiovascular parameters, withleg movement considered as a perturbing factor to the controller.The controller performance was evaluated in six healthy subjects.Measured mean values of HR, sBP, and dBP differed from desiredreference values by 1.11 beats/min, 5.10 mmHg, and 2.69 mmHg,respectively. With this new control strategy, HR and dBP couldbe successfully controlled within medically tolerable ranges (deviations<2.5 beats/min and <5 mmHg from desired values, respectively).The control of sBP was less accurate; the results suggestthat simultaneous control of multiple input stimuli rather than onlyadaptive automatic change of the tilt table angle might improve thecontrollability.

Existing System

Proposed System

Ø In this system, there is no device to monitor the closed loop control of human heart rate and blood pressure.

Ø  The glucose meter may display the digital value only.

 

Drawbacks .

Ø  In this paper, we used a robotic tilt table that allows earlymobilizationby modulating body inclination and automated leg movementto control the cardiovascular variables heart rate (HR) or systolicor diastolic blood pressures (sBP, dBP).

Ø  Hence by using the mechanism the patients cardio vascular system can be stabilized.

Advantages

Ø  Fast response.

Ø  Easy stabilization of cardio vascular system.

Ø Easy to use in Hospitals and in Homes

 
 
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